It is enough to observe certain figures to realize that the Spanish is the language of "fashion" in China: the Instituto Cervantes in Beijing opened in the year 2006, counting with 1200 students enrolled during the first academic year. Between the year 2008 and the year 2011, the number of students grew on a 50% annual, stabilising today with some 5.000 Annual Enrollment, being, along with the Cervantes Institute in Moscow, the centers with greater volume of students.
Where classes of Spanish in China?
New: Download a general list of centers where taught Spanish in China prepared by the Education Department of the Embassy of Spain in Beijing.
- Instituto Cervantes:
Firstly we have to speak of the Instituto Cervantes in Beijing, located in the Chaoyang District (A1 Gongtinanlu), where work environment to 30 professors and 11 teachers of template.
While for years there is the headquarters of the Instituto Cervantes de Shanghai in the Anfu road,198-208, yet classes on it. The Administration and the library (Miguel de Cervantes library), that work and in fact, they are currently taking care of the teaching of the Spanish in several universities in the city.
- Institutions of higher education:
As you can see in the image above, Now you can study degree in Spanish (Hispanic Philology) in 52 Chinese universities, the diploma in 23 universities and studying Spanish as an optional subject in other 21 more universities. You can download a document drawn up by the Ministry of education of the Embassy of Spain in China, which lists in detail the name of these universities, along with contact information, by clicking on this link.
* Download the updated listing the 1 October of 2012 in this one link.
Most of the professors from these universities are of Chinese origin, However, they always have some native teacher, Depending on the size of the Department. Some of these teachers are made by direct recruitment, others through the Cervantes Institute of Beijing or Shanghai, and other places are covered through of the Lectorados MAEC-AECI: the Institute of languages of Canton, the University's international studies of Sian, Nanjing University, the University of language and culture of Beijing, SISU International Studies University (Shanghai), the College Community of the City University of Hong Kong, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the Institute of foreign languages of Dalian, Jilin, Sichuan International Studies University (Chongqing), Tianjin Foreign Studies University and the Polytechnic Institute of Shenzhen.
The case of Peking University is different. It has two Spanish-speaking teachers, one engaged in a direct way and a reader of the University of Granada.
- Primary/secondary/training professional education:
In addition, China account with 32 centers, both primary, secondary education, as vocational training, those who teach Spanish as a foreign language. In the same way, We offer this link for you to download you list drawn up by the Ministry of education. In fact, among all these centers, Some have a collaboration agreement with the Ministry, It is responsible for search for teachers.
* Download the updated listing the 19 November of 2012 in this one link.
- Academies and courses of business:
While the Spanish teaching is increasing at a rapid pace, and it is positioning itself in second place after the English, We cannot compare the number of small academies of both languages. In fact, many Academies are currently hiring Spanish teachers open to this new market.
As in the previous sections, You can download the list prepared by the Ministry of education with some of the best academies where Spanish is taught, well as other documents that you can see the contact details of the three Chambers of Commerce of Spain in China, since they organize courses of Spanish for business.
Can do you work ELE teacher without experience or training, simply by the fact of being native?
We can not give an affirmative response, or negative, without the relevant clarifications. In principle, in most of the cases that we have detailed in the previous section, the answer is a 'no'. To work at the Instituto Cervantes, as well as in the universities or centres of primary or secondary education, It takes some training and experience.
First of all, they tend to look for people with University studies, preferably in Humanities: degree in Philology, Translation and interpretation, Sciences of education, Diploma in teaching, etc. In addition, in many cases they demand to have a teaching-related training, such as the CAP or any course of didactics and methodology for the teaching of ELE.
Having a master's degree is not a prerequisite, Although obviously it depends on the square in question and of competition there at that time. The experience is certainly, as in any other field, one of the most valued points of your CV.
However, as I said, everything depends on the Centre in particular and of the moment in which you request the job, since they will always choose the best formed person. There are many academies in which classes are taught by native people who have none of the qualities described above. However, the situation differs greatly with regard to the teaching of English, Since in this case the demand is so great, that just have some knowledge of this language, even without being native, You can give private lessons, in a nursery school or in an Academy, without any problem.
Is it necessary to know Chinese to work of Professor?
It is not necessary, But yes it can be a great advantage. It is more than studied a second language can be taught without knowing the native language of your students. However, We are not dealing with the pedagogical aspect, but the labor, and therefore, I can tell you that it is not necessary. On the one hand, at the time of the interview, will almost always do it in Spanish, Since you speak with the Department of Spanish, with a Center who speaks Spanish or any other teacher responsible. In the case of some small Academy in which you hire to give private lessons, If policymakers don't know Spanish, Do not worry, You can talk to them in English. Even so, as always, It depends on the square and the Centre in particular: for kindergartens or primary schools, they often require some knowledge of this language.
Do I find work of Professor of Spanish from Spain?
While we know some cases, is not perfectly normal, since they tend to make you an interview and even, in some academies, they require you a class demonstration.
In fact, even in the case of the AECID assistantships, to live in the country of destination, in this case, China, is not required to apply, We know that in many cases the choice has relied on interviews that have made applicants who were in the country at that time.
They usually make arrangements with visa schools?
With the exception of those who are working for universities or centres of primary and secondary education, they rarely tend to give visas to their teachers. Almost any small Academy usually it do, and therefore, you have to manage it on your own, as we explain in the entry we have had on the business visas and the study visas.
How often or how much you should charge a Spanish teacher?
Tutorials are charging between 150 and 200 Yuan per hour (18-24€/h), even up to 250 Yuan (30€), Depending on the experience of the teacher, place where the class is given or the level of the student in question.
Below these prices, unless it is an Academy in which you give extended hours, You should not accept it, and in any case below 100 Yuan.
In terms of salaries for individuals employed full-time full, We can find from 6000 up to 9000 Yuan per month.